The CFIA has indicated that it recently suspended one of the 3 protocols (option 2C) that have been in place for importing male small ruminants into Canada for the past 7 years.
The CFIA is currently arranging a call for the industry to provide us with more information. As we get more information it will be shared.Please see the announcement below that was made earlier today.
WASHINGTON, December 2, 2021 -- The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal Plant and Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has published a final rule updating its import regulations for sheep, goats and their products, such as meat. This rule removes remaining bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) import restrictions on sheep, goats and their products, and aligns the regulations with the current scientific understanding of BSE.
BSE is a fatal brain disease that is part of a group of diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). Other TSE diseases that can affect animals include scrapie in sheep and goats and chronic wasting disease in deer, elk and moose. When APHIS originally established BSE-related import restrictions, the potential risk of species other than cattle, including sheep and goats, was unknown. However, since BSE was first identified, scientists have learned much more about how BSE works, and their extensive research shows that sheep and goats pose a minimal risk of spreading BSE.
While BSE-related restrictions are no longer needed, APHIS is updating its scrapie requirements for importing live sheep and goats and their germplasm to continue to protect the U.S. herd. Any live sheep or goat not transported directly to slaughter, or to a designated feedlot and then to slaughter, must originate from a scrapie-free country or flock with a herd certification program equivalent to the U.S. Scrapie Flock Certification Program.
APHIS will also allow on a case-by-case basis the importation of certain wild, zoo or other non-bovine ruminant species. The Agency will evaluate the disease risk of each animal and the receiving entity’s ability to manage the risks before deciding whether to issue an import permit allowing the animal entry into the country.
APHIS issued a proposed rule outlining these changes in September 2016. This proposal was based on a thorough review of relevant scientific literature, international guidelines, and a comprehensive evaluation. After considering all comments received on the proposed rule, APHIS determined that these changes will continue to guard against TSEs entering the United States, while allowing additional animals and animal products to be imported into this country. View the final rule at https://www.federalregister.gov/public-inspection/2021-26302/importation-of-sheep-goats-and-certain-other-ruminants.
Final Rule Posted on Federal Registrar December 3, 2021.
Summary of U.S. Small Ruminant Rule
An importer would have to submit with the application for an import permit for sheep and goats.
- For sheep and goats imported from Canada for purposes other than immediate slaughter or restricted feeding for slaughter, the importer would have to provide documentation showing that the animals have reached and maintained certified status in a scrapie flock certification program that has been evaluated and approved by the Administrator. Canada’s Scrapie Flock Certification Program has been evaluated, and it has been determined that farms who have achieved Level Certified Plus on the SFCP meet this requirement. [https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2021-26302/p-115]
- Permits will be issued by the Administrator (APHIS) for sheep of certain classical scrapie resistant genotypes (as determined by the NVSL or other APHIS approved lab). This includes female sheep of genotype AARR and male sheep of genotypes AARR and AAQR. [https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2021-26302/p-40]
- Imported sheep and goats have to be permanently identified with a country mark using a means and in a location on the animal approved by the Administrator, but they did not specify any particular method of identification. Official ear tags will be required for imported animals but do not meet the country mark requirement. Tattoos are expected to meet the country mark identification requirement. [https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2021-26302/p-125]
Sheep and goat embryos or oocytes from Canada can only be imported for transfer to females in flocks listed in the National Scrapie Database, or to an APHIS-approved storage facility where they may be kept and later transferred to recipient females in a flock that is listed in the National Scrapie Database. [https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2021-26302/p-90]
For in vivo-derived sheep and goat embryos and oocytes from Canada, the health certificate must include additional declarations stating that the embryos or oocytes were collected, processed, and stored in accordance with the requirements in § 98.3 (https://www.ecfr.gov/current/title-9/chapterI/subchapter-D/part-98) , and, for in vivo-derived sheep embryos only, that the embryo is of either of the scrapie-resistant genotypes, AARR or AAQR, based on official testing of the parents or the embryo.
Additional certificate requirements for embryos [https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2021-26302/p-78]:
- For sheep embryos that are not of either genotype, sheep embryos that are in vitro-derived and all goat embryos:
- TSEs of sheep and goats are compulsorily notifiable;
- A classical scrapie awareness, surveillance, monitoring, and control system is in place;
- TSE-affected sheep and goats are killed and completely destroyed; and
- The feeding of meat-and-bone meal of ruminant origin has been banned and effectively enforced in the whole country
- Have been kept since birth in flocks in which no case of classical scrapie had been confirmed during their residency;
- Are permanently identified to enable traceback to their flock of birth or herd of origin, and the identification is recorded on the certificate accompanying the embryos and linked to the embryo container identification;
- Showed no clinical sign of classical scrapie at the time of embryo or oocyte collection; and
- Have not tested positive for, and are not suspect for, a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy.
Sheep and goat semen from any part of the world to be imported into the United States [https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2021-26302/p-99]:
- The donor animals must be permanently identified to enable traceback to their establishment of origin;
- They have been kept since birth in establishments in which no case of scrapie has been confirmed during their residency;
- They neither showed clinical signs of scrapie at the time of semen collection nor developed scrapie between the time of semen collection and the export of semen to the United States; and
- The dam of the semen donor is not, or was not, affected with scrapie.
Sheep and goats transiting the United States (from Canada to Mexico)
Sheep or goats that meet the entry requirements for immediate slaughter in § 93.405 may transit the United States in accordance with 93.401 regardless of their intended use in the receiving country. [https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2021-26302/p-395]